Alumni - Bibliographie

Publikationen, Promotionen und Abschlussarbeiten
Foto: Zoologie

Arbeitsgruppe Alexander Haas

Publikationen (1995 - 2002)

  • Schier, F., Krebs, U., Fröber, R., Haas, A. (2002): Three dimensional reconstruction of the anorectal continence organ in a 14 week-old fetus. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 37(6): 912-915.
  • Chipman, A.D.; Haas, A.; Tchernov, E. & Khaner, O. (2001): Variation in anuran embryogenesis: differences in sequence and timing of early developmental events. Journal of Experimental Zoology. (Mol. Dev. Evol.) 2884: 352-365.
  • Chipman, A.D.; Khaner, O.; Haas, A. & Tchernov, E. (2001): The evolution of genome size: what can we learn from frogs? Journal of Experimental Zoology. (Mol. Dev. Evol.) 291: 365-374.
  • Krebs, U., Fröber, R., Haas, A., Fischer, M.S., Schier, F. & Linß, W. (2001): Three-dimensional reconstruction of the anal striated musculature in human fetuses. Cells Tissues Organs 169 (2): 158-164.
  • Haas, A. (2001): The mandibular arch musculature of anuran tadpoles with comments on the homologies of amphibian jaw muscles. Journal of Morphology 2471: 1-33.
  • Haas, A. (2000): Frösche ohne Larven: die Fortpflanzung von Eleutherodactylus coqui Thomas, 1966. elaphe 20003: 16-19.
  • Chipman, A.D.; Haas, A. & Khaner, O.(1999): Variations in Anuran embryogenesis: yolk-rich embryos of Hyperolius puncticulatus (Hyperoliidae). Evolution and Development 1: 49-61.
  • Haas, A. (1999): Larval and metamorphic skeletal development in the fast-developing frog Pyxicephalus adspersus (Anura, Ranidae). Zoomorphology 119: 23-35.
  • Haas, A. (1999): Fortpflanzung. Wachstum und Trockenruhe des Afrikanischen Grabfrosches Pyxicephalus adspersus (Tschudi. 1838) im Labor. Salamandra 35: 83-96.
  • Beutel, R.G. & Haas, A. (1998): Larval head morphology of Hydroscapha natans LeConte, 1874 (Coleoptera, Myxophaga, Hydroscaphidae) with special reference to miniaturization. Zoomorphology 18: 103-116.
  • Beutel, R.G., Maddison, D.R. & Haas, A. (1998): Phylogenetic analysis of Myxophaga (Coleoptera) using larval characters. Systematic Entomology 24: 1-23.
  • Haas, A. & Richards, S.(1998): The Correlation of cranial morphology, ecology, and evolution in suctorial tadpoles of the Australian genera Litoria and Nyctimystes (Amphibia: Anura: Hylidae: Pelodryadinae). Journal of Morphology 238: 109-141.
  • Haas, A. (1997): Non-feeding and feeding tadpoles: morphological implications of developmental modes in hemiphractine larvae. In: Böhme, W.; Bischoff, W.; Ziegler, T. (eds.): Herpetologica Bonnensis, Bonn 8SEH), 416 p.
  • Haas, A. (1997): The larval hyobranchial apparatus of discoglossoid frogs: its structure and bearing on the systematics of the Anura (Amphibia: Anura). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 53 4): 179-197
  • Haas, A. & Fischer, M.S. (1997): Three-dimensional reconstruction of histological sections using modern product design software. Anatomical Record 249: 510-516
  • Beutel, R. G. & Haas, A.(1996): Phylogenetic analysis of larval and adult characters of Adephaga (Coleoptera) using cladistic computer programs. Entomologica Scandinavica 27: 197-205.
  • Haas, A. (1996): Das larvale Cranium von Gastrotheca riobambae und seine Metamorphose Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae). Verhandlungen des naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins Hamburg NF 36: 33-162.
  • Haas, A. (1996): Non-feeding and feeding tadpoles in hemiphractine frogs: larval head morphology, heterochrony, and systematics of Flectonotus goeldii Amphibia: (Anura: Hylidae) Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 34: 163-171.
  • Haas, A. (1995): Cranial features of dendrobatid larvae Amphibia: (Anura: Dendrobatidae). Journal of Morphology 224: 241-264.

Betreute Qualifikationsarbeiten

  • Fritsch, Martin (2007): Vergleichende Analyse der Kiefermuskulatur von Anurenlarven in Abhängigkeit von ihrer Ernährungsweise.
  • Werneburg, Ingmar (2007): Zur Grundmuster-Rekonstruktion der Beloniformes (Teleostei, Acanthopterygii) anhand der Evolution ihrer Kiefermuskulatur.
  • Kleinteich, Thomas (2005): Cranium und craniale Muskulatur bei larvalen Stadien von Ichthyophis kohtaoensis Taylor, 1960 (Lissamphibia; Gymnophiona): Ein Beitrag zum Grundmuster der Lissamphibia.
  • Schäfer, Nikolaus (2004): Isolation of EPH-Genes from the oriental fire-bellied toad Bombina orientalis.
  • Schubert, Grit (2004): Morphologie und Entwicklung der larvalen cranialen Muskulatur von Hymenochirus boettgeri.
  • Hertwig, Stefan (2003): Die Rekonstruktion phylogenetischer Information ribosomaler mtDNA. Eine Untersuchung am Modell Anura.
  • Mitgutsch, Christian (2001): Die Entwicklung und Fate-Mapping der Kopfneuralleiste bei Unken (Bombina).
  • Stoll, Silke (1998): Skeletogenese und Wachstum von Bufo arenarum (Anura: Bufonidae) bis zum Ende der Metamorphose.

Arbeitsgruppe Egon Heiss

Publikationen (2014 - 2019)

  • Heiss E, Grell J. (2019). Same but different: aquatic prey capture in paedomorphic and metamorphic Alpine netws. Zoological Letters (2019) 5.24.
  • Lemell P, Natchev N, Beisser C, Heiss E. (2019). Feeding in turtles: understanding terrestrial and aquatic feeding in a diverse but monophyletic group. In: Feeding in Vertebrates – Anatomy, Biomechanics, Evolution. Springer.
  • Heiss E, Schwarz D, Konow N. (2019). Chewing or not? Intraoral food processing in a salamandrid newt. Journal of Experimental Biology222: jeb189886.
  • Wanninger M, Schwaha T, Heiss E. (2018). Form and function of the skin glands in the Himalayan newt Tylototriton verrucosus. Zoological Letters (2018) 4:15.
  • Heiss E, Aerts P, Van Wassenbergh S. (2018). Aquatic–terrestrial transitions of feeding systems in vertebrates: a mechanical perspective. Journal of Experimental Biology 221: jeb154427.
  • Heiss E, Handschuh S, Aerts P, Van Wassenbergh S. (2017). A tongue for all seasons: extreme phenotypic flexibility in salamandrid newts. Scientific Reports 7:1006.
  • Heiss E. (2017). The Alpine "axolotl": a remarkable example of phenotypic plasticity in the Alpine newt, Ichthyosaura alpestris. Salamandra 53(1):137-141.
  • Heiss E and De Vylder M. (2016). Dining dichotomy: aquatic and terrestrial prey capture behavior in the Himalayan newt Tylototriton verrucosus. Biology Open 5(10):1500-1507.
  • Van Wassenbergh S and Heiss E (2016). Phenotypic flexibility of gape anatomy fine-tunes the aquatic prey-capture system of newts. Scientific Reports 6:29277.
  • Lukanov S, Tzankov N, Handschuh S, Heiss E, Naumanov B, Natchev N (2016). On the amphibious food uptake and prey manipulation behavior in the Balkan-Anatolian crested newt (Triturus ivanbureschi, Arntzen and Wielstra, 2013). Zoology 113:224-231.
  • Heiss E, Handschuh S, Aerts P, Van Wassenbergh S. (2016). Musculoskeletal architecture of the prey-capture apparatus in salamandrid newts with multiphasic lifestyle: does anatomy change during the seasonal habitat switches? Journal of Anatomy 228:757-770.
  • Natchev N, Tzankov N, Werneburg I, Heiss E. (2015). Feeding behaviour in a 'basal' tortoise provides insights on the transitional feeding mode at the dawn of modern land turtle evolution. PeerJ 3:e1172.
  • von Byern J, Dicke U, Heiss E, Grunwald I, Gorb S, Staedler S, Cyran N. (2015). Morphological characterization of the glandular system in the salamander Plethodon shermani (Caudata, Plethodontidae). Zoology 118(5):334347.
  • Heiss E, Aerts P, Van Wassenbergh S. (2015). Flexibility is everything: prey capture throughout the seasonal habitat switches in the smooth newt Lissotriton vulgaris. Organisms Diversity and Evolution 15(1):127-142.
  • Michel K, Heiss E, Aerts P, Van Wassenbergh S. (2015). A fish that uses a hydrodynamic tongue to feed on land. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 20150057.
  • Fortuny J, Marce-Nogue J, Heiss E, Sanches M, Gil L, Galobart A. (2015). 3D bite modeling and feeding mechanics of the largest living amphibian, the Chinese Giant Salamander Andrias davidianus.  PLoS ONE 10(4): e0121885.


  • Daniel Schwarz (2021): Form, function, development and evolution of intraoral food processing in salamanders.

Betreute Qualifikationsarbeiten

  • Grell, Julia (2016): Differences in prey capture mechanisms between metamorphosed and paedomorphic Alpine Newts (Ichthyosaura alpestris: Lissamphibia, Caudata).
  • Schwarz, Daniel (2016): Flexibilität bei der intraoralen Nahrungsmanipulation beim Alpen-Kammmolch Triturus carnifex - Welchen Einfluss hat das Medium?

Arbeitsgruppe Kornelius Kupczik

Publikationen (2012 - 2018)

  • Dickinson E, Stark H, Kupczik K (2018): Non-destructive determination of muscle architectural variables through the use of DiceCT. The Anatomical Record 301 (2): 363–377. DOI:10.1002/ar.23716
  • Kupczik K, Stark H, Mundry R, Neininger F, Heidlauf T, Röhrle O (2015): Reconstruction of muscle fascicle architecture from iodine-enhanced microCT images: a combined texture mapping and streamline approach. Journal of Theoretical Biology 382 (7): 34–43. DOI:10.1016/j.jtbi.2015.06.034
  • Kupczik, K., Chattah, N. L. T. (2014): The Adaptive Significance of Enamel Loss in the Mandibular Incisors of Cercopithecine Primates (Mammalia: Cercopithecidae): A Finite Element Modelling Study. PloS one, 9(5), e97677.
  • Stynder, D.S., Kupczik, K. (2013): Tooth root morphology in the early Pliocene African bear Agriotherium africanum (Mammalia, Carnivora, Ursidae) and its implications for feeding ecology. Journal Mamm Evol 20: 227-237.
  • Le Cabec, A., Gunz, P., Kupczik, K., Braga, J., Hublin, J.-J. (2013): Anterior tooth root morphology and size in Neanderthals: taxonomic and functional implications. Journal of Human Evolution 64: 169-193.
  • Le Cabec A, Kupczik K, Gunz P, Braga J, Hublin JJ. (2012): Long anterior mandibular tooth roots in Neanderthals are not the result of their large jaws. J Hum Evol. 2012 Nov;63(5):667-81.
  • Smith TM, Kupczik K, Machanda Z, Skinner MM, Zermeno JP. (2012): Enamel thickness in Bornean and Sumatran orangutan dentitions. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2012 Mar;147(3):417-26.

Arbeitsgruppe Michael Nickel

Publikationen (2007 - 2014)

  • Hammel J.U. & Nickel M. (2014): A New Flow-Regulating Cell Type in the Demosponge Tethya wilhelma - Functional Cellular Anatomy of a Leuconoid Canal System. PLoS ONE 9(11):e113153.
  • Vogt, L., Nickel, M., Jenner, R.A. & Deans, A.R. (2013). The need for data standards in zoomorphology. Journal of Morphology, 274, 793-808.
  • Nosenko, T, Schreiber, F, Adamska, M, Adamski, M, Eitel, M, Hammel, J, Maldonado, M, Müller, WEG, Nickel, M, Schierwater, B, Vacelet, J, Wiens, M and Wörheide, G (2013), "Deep metazoan phylogeny: When different genes tell different stories", Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 67:223-233.
  • Hammel, JU, Filatov, M, Herzen, J, Beckmann, F, Kaandorp, JA and Nickel, M (2012), "The non-hierarchical, non-uniformly branching topology of a leuconoid sponge aquiferous system revealed by 3D reconstruction and morphometrics using corrosion casting and x-ray microtomography", Acta Zoologica, 93: 160-170.
  • Steinmetz, PRH, Krauss, JEM, Larroux, C, Hammel, JU, Amon-Hassenzahl, A, Houliston, E, Wörheide, G, Nickel, M, Degnan, B and Technau, U (2012), "Independent evolution of striated muscles in cnidarians and bilaterians", Natrure, 487: 231-234.
  • Martinand-Mari, C., Vacelet, J., Nickel, M., Wörheide, G., Mangeat, P. and Baghdiguian, S. (2012), "Cell death and renewal during prey capture and digestion in the carnivorous sponge Asbestopluma hypogea (Porifera: Poecilosclerida) ", Journal of Experimental Biology, 215: 3937-3943.
  • Nickel, M, Scheer, C, Hammel, JU, Herzen, J and Beckmann, F (2011), "The contractile sponge epithelium sensu lato - body contraction of the demosponge Tethya wilhelma is mediated by the pinacoderm ", Journal of Experimental Biology, 214: 1692-1698.
  • Rivera, A, Hammel, JU, Haen, KM, Danka, E, Cieniewicz, B, Winters, I, Posfai, Dora, Worheide, G, Lavrov, DV, Knight, S, Hill, M, Hill, A and Nickel, M (2011), "RNA interference in marine and freshwater sponges: actin knockdown in Tethya wilhelma and Ephydatia muelleri by ingested dsRNA expressing bacteria", BMC Biotechnology, 11, 1: 67.
  • Nickel, M (2010), "Evolutionary emergence of synaptic nervous systems: what can we learn from the non-synaptic, nerveless Porifera?", Invertebrate Biology, 129: 1-16.
  • Heim, I & Nickel, M (2010), "Description and molecular phylogeny of Tethya leysae sp. nov. (Porifera, Demospongiae, Hadromerida) from the Canadian Northeast Pacific with remarks on the use of microtomography in sponge taxonomy", Zootaxa, 2422: 1-21.
  • Høye, TT and Hammel, JU (2010) "Climate change and altitudinal variation in sexual size dimorphism of arctic wolf spiders". Climate Research 41: 259-265.
  • Hammel, J.U., Herzen, J., Beckmann, F. and Nickel, M. (2009), "Sponge budding is a spatiotemporal morphological patterning process: Insights from synchrotron radiation-based x-ray microtomography into the asexual reproduction of Tethya wilhelma", Frontiers in Zoology, 6, 1: 19.
  • Høye, TT, Hammel, JU, Fuchs, T and Toft, S (2009) "Climate change and sexual size dimorphism in an Arctic spider". Biology Letters 5(4): 542-544.
  • Hammel, J.U. & Nickel, M. (2008): Pardosa hyperborea (Araneae: Lycosidae) spreading north in Greenland? First report from Disko Island (West Greenland), with remarks on the biogeography of the species. ", Entomologiske Meddelelser, 76: 41-47.
  • Hammel, J.U., Herzen, J., Beckmann, F. and Nickel, M. (2008): Microtomography based three-dimensional morphometrics on developing buds of the sponge Tethya wilhelma. Journal of Morphology, 269: 1475-1475.
  • Nickel, M. (2008): Reevaluating the elementary (pre-)nervous system: new morphological, physiological and genomic evidence from sponges. Journal of Morphology, 269: 1468.
  • Heim, I., Nickel, M. and Brümmer, F (2007): Phylogeny of the genus Tethya (Tethyidae: Hadromerida: Porifera): molecular and morphological aspects. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 87, 06: 1615-1627.


  • Jörg Hammel (2010): Zur Funktion des Wasserleitungssystems und der Entwicklung von Knospen in Schwämmen. Morphologische Grundlagen einer reversen Genetik.

Betreute Qualifikationsarbeiten

  • Jahn, Henry (2014): Funktionsmorphologie und Fluiddynamik von Bypass Elementen im Kanalsystem von Tethya wilhelma.
  • Richter, Philipp (2014): Zur Korrelation von Kontraktionszyklen und Strömungsdynamik bei Tethya wilhelma.
  • Bösemann, Angelina (2013): Morphologie und Zelldynamik bei der Nahrungsaufnahme des carnivoren Schwammes Asbestopluma hypogea.
  • Zade, Stefanie (2013): Morphologie und Strömungsverhältnisse von Sandwichkulturen des Süßwasserschwammes Spongilla lacustris.
  • Altrock, David (2012): Kontraktionsdynamik und funktionelle Morphologie des Kalkschwammes Clathrina clathrus.
  • Weißhuhn, André (2012): Prinzipien der Kanalsystemarchitektur und der Strömungsverhältnisse von Spongilla lacustris.
  • Wolf, Florian (2012): Zur Kontraktilität bei Schwämmen: Dynamik und Morphologie von Spongilla lacustris.
  • Arnold, Christopher (2011): Drüsenzellen in Schwämmen? Zur mikroskopischen Anatomie und Histologie eines sekretorischen Zelltyps im Hornkieselschwamm Collospongia auris.
  • Heer, Cornelia (2011): Zur asexuellen Reproduktion von Hornkieselschwämmen: Histologie und Morphologie der Knospung von Tethya wilhelma.
  • Scheer, Corinna (2011): Untersuchung zur Kontraktilität des Schwammes Tethya wilhelma.
  • Jahn, Henry (2011): Zur Funktionsmorphologie des Kanalsystems im Süßwasserschwamm Spongilla lacustris: 3D Rekonstruktion und fluiddynamische Betrachtungen.

Arbeitsgruppe John Nyakatura

Publikationen (2007 - 2015)

  • Nyakatura JA, Stark H (2015). Aberrant back muscle function correlates with intramuscular architecture of dorsovertebral muscles in two-toed sloths. Mammalian Biology – Zeitschrift Für Säugetierkunde 80 (2): 114–121. DOI:10.1016/j.mambio.2015.01.002
  • Arnold, P., Fischer, M.S., Nyakatura, J.A. (2014). Soft tissue influence on ex vivo mobility in the hip of Iguana: comparison to in vivo movement and its bearing on joint motion of fossil sprawling tetrapods. J. Anat. 225 (1): 31-41
  • Curth, S., Fischer, M.S., Nyakatura J.A. (2014). Ichnology of an Extant Belly-Dragging Lizard - Analogies to Early Reptile Locomotion? Ichnos 21 (1): 32-43.
  • Haase, D.; Nyakatura, J.A.; Denzler, J. (2014). Multi-view Active Appearance Models for the X-Ray Based Analysis of Avian Bipedal Locomotion. Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis 24 (1): 86-92.
  • Krings, M., Nyakatura, J.A., Fischer, M.S., Wagner, H. (2014). The cervical spine of the American barn owl (Tyto furcata pratincola): I. Anatomy of the vertebrae and regionalization in their S-shaped arrangement. PLOS One 9: 1-16
  • Nyakatura, J.A., Andrada, E., Curth, S., Fischer, M.S. (2014). Bridging Romer's Gap: Locomotor mechanics of a belly-dragging lizard inform debate on tetrapod locomotion during the Early Carboniferous. Evol. Biol. 41: 175-190.
  • Nyakatura, J.A.; Andrada, E. (2014). On vision in birds: coordination of head-bobbing and gait stabilises vertical head position in quail. Front Zool 11(1): 27.
  • Ogihara, N., Oku, T., Andrada, E., Blickhan, R., Nyakatura, J.A., Fischer, M.S. (2014). Planar covariation of limb elevation angles during bipedal locomotion in common quails (Coturnix coturnix). J Exp Biol 217: 3968-3973.
  • Andrada, E.; Nyakatura, J.A.; Bergmann, F.; Blickhan, R.(2013). Adjustments of global and local hindlimb properties during the terrestrial locomotion of the common quail (Coturnix coturnix). J Exp Biol216: 3906-3916.
  • Andrada, E., Nyakatura, J.A., Hochstein, S., Blickhan, R. (2013). Terrestrial locomotion of the common quail: one leg function for all gaits? Proc. of 6th In¬ternational Symposium on Adaptive Motion of Animals and Machines (AMAM2013), ISSN 2186-9510, online.
  • Haase, D., Andrada, E., Nyakatura, J.A., Kilbourne, B.M. and Denzler, J. (2013). Automated approximation of center of mass position in X-ray sequences of animal locomotion. J Biomech 46(12), 2082-6.
  • Nyakatura, J.A., Andrada, E. (2013). A mechanical link model of two-toed sloths: no pendular mechanics during suspensory locomotion. Acta Theriol 58(1), 83-93.
  • Nyakatura J.A., Andrada E., Grimm N., Weise H., Fischer M.S. 2012 Kinematics and center of mass mechanics during terrestrial locomotion in northern lapwings (Vanellus vanellus, Charadriiformes). J. Exp. Zool. Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology. 317A, 580-594.
  • Nyakatura JA. (2012). The convergent evolution of suspensory posture and locomotion in tree sloths. Invited review for J Mammal Evol. 19:225-234.
  • Nyakatura JA. (2012). Automated approximation of center of mass position in X-ray sequences of animal locomotion. J Mamm Evol 19(3): 225-234.
  • Nyakatura JA., Andrada, E. (2012). A mechanical link model of two-toed sloths: no pendular mechanics during suspensory locomotion. Acta Theriol 58: 83-93.
  • Nyakatura, J.A., Fischer, M.S. (2011). Functional morphology of the muscular sling at the pectoral girdle in tree sloths: convergent morphological solutions to new functional demands? J. Anat. 219: 360-374
  • Haase D, Nyakatura JA, Denzler J. 2011. Multi-view active appearance models for the x-ray based analysis of avian bipedal locomotion. Lecture Notes in Computer Sciences 6835:11-20.
  • Nyakatura, J.A., Petrovitch, A., Fischer, M.S. 2010 Limb kinematics during locomotion in the two-toed sloth (Xenarthra: Choloepus didactylus) and its implications for the evolution of the sloth locomotor apparatus. Zoology 113: 221-234
  • Nyakatura, J.A., Fischer, M.S. 2010 Three-dimensional kinematic analysis of the pectoral girdle during upside-down locomotion of two-toed sloths (Choloepus didactylus, Linné 1758). Frontiers Zool. 7 (21): 1-16.
  • Nyakatura, J.A., Fischer, M.S. 2010 Functional morphology and three-dimensional kinematics of the thoraco-lumbar region of the spine of the two-toed sloth. J.exp.Biol. 213: 4278-4290.
  • Nyakatura JA, Heymann EW. 2010. Effects of support size and orientation on symmetric gaits in free-ranging tamarins of Amazonian Peru: implications for the functional significance of primate gait sequence patterns. J Hum Evol 58: 242-251.
  • Nyakatura, J.; Fischer, M.S.; Schmidt, M. (2007): Gait parameter adjustments of cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus, Callitrichidae) to locomotion on inclined arboreal substrates. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 135, 13-26.

Betreute Qualifikationsarbeiten

  • Weißflog, Bianca (2013): Die Substratreaktionskräfte der Vorder- und Hinterextremitäten bei Ambystoma mexicanum (Ambystomatidae, Caudata) während der Fortbewegung.
  • Arnold, Patrick (2012): Bewegung und Beweglichkeit im Hüftgelenk des Grünen Leguans (Iguana iguana).
  • Häfner, Richard (2012): Die experimentelle Ichnologie von Iguana iguana: Verläßlicher Indikator für Parameter der Fortbewegung und Hinweisgeber für die Interpretation fossiler Fußspuren?
  • Curth, Stefan (2011): Lokomotion von Blauzungenskinken: Analysen zur Kinematik und Ichnologie.

Arbeitsgruppe Stefan Richter


Haupt, C.; Richter, S. (2008): Limb articulation in caridoid crustaceans revisited - new evidence from Euphausiacea (Malacostraca). Arthropod Structure & Development 37: 221-233.

Brösing, A.; Richter, S.; Scholtz, G. (2007): Phylogenetic analysis of the Brachyura (Crustacea, Decapoda) based on characters of the foregut with establishment of a new taxon. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 45: 20-32.

Kirsch, R.; Richter, S. (2007). The nervous system of Leptodora kindtii (Branchiopoda, Cladocera) surveyed with Confocal Scanning Microscopy (CLSM), including general remarks on the branchiopod neuromorphological ground pattern. Arthropod Structure & Development 36: 143-156.

Richter, S.; Olesen, J.; Wheeler, W.C. (2007): Branchiopod phylogeny - a combined analysis using morphology and six molecular loci. Cladistics 23: 301-336.

Szucsich, N.U.; Wirkner, C.S. (2007): Homology - a synthetic concept of evolutionary robustness of patterns. Zoologica Scripta 36: 281-289.

Wirkner, C.S.; Prendini, L. (2007): Comparative morphology of the hemolymph vascular system of scorpions - a survey using corrosion casting, MicroCT and 3D-reconstruction. Journal of Morphology 268: 401-413.

Wirkner, C.S.; Richter, S. (2007): Comparative analysis of the circulatory system in Amphipoda (Malacostraca, Crustacea). Acta Zoologica 88: 159-171.

Wirkner, C.S.; Richter, S. (2007): The circulatory system and its spatial relations to other major organ systems in Spelaeogriphacea and Mictacea (Malacostraca, Crustacea) - a three-dimensional analysis. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 149: 629-642.

Wirkner, C.S.; Richter, S. (2007): The circulatory system of Mysidacea revisited - implications for the phylogenetic position of Mysida and Lophogastrida (Malacostraca, Crustacea). Journal of Morphology 268: 311-328.

Richter, S.; Kornicker, L.S. (2006): The mandibles of a halocyprid ostracod (Halocypridae; Halocypridina; Ostracoda) - a new record of mandibular gnathal edges with a 'lacinia-mobilis'. Journal of Crustacean Biology 26: 113-118.

Hilken, G.; Wirkner, C.S.; Rosenberg, J. (2006): On the structure and function of the aortic diverticles in Scutigera coleoptrata (Chilopoda, Scutigeromorpha). The Norwegian Journal of Entomology 53: 107-112.

Betreute Qualifikationsarbeiten

  • Haupt, Christian (2006): Die Extremitätengelenkungen der Peracarida (Malacostraca, Crustacea) und ihre phylogenetische Bedeutung.
  • Putsche, M. (2006): Die Magenossikel der Decapoda, Dendrobranchiata und ihre phylogenetische Bedeutung.
  • Kirsch, Roy (2005): Morphologie des Nervensystems der Cladocera (Branchiopoda, Crustacea) und seine phylogenetische Bedeutung.
  • Platz, Kathleen (2005): Zur Brutbiologie der Peracarida.


Arbeitsgruppe Nadja Schilling

Publikationen (1998 - 2014)

  • Fuchs, A.; Goldner, B.; Nolte, I. & Schilling, N. (2014): Ground reaction force adaptations to tripedal locomotion in dogs. Vet. J. 201: 307-315.
  • Helmsmüller, D.; Anders, A.; Nolte, I. & Schilling, N. (2014): Ontogenetic change of the weight support pattern in growing dogs. J. Exp. Zool. 321A: 254-264.
  • Neufuss, J., Hesse, B., Thorpe, S.K.S., Vereecke, E.E., D'Aout, K., Fischer, M.S., Schilling, N. (2014). Fibre type composition in the lumbar perivertebral muscles of primates: implications for the evolution of orthogrady in hominoids. J. Anat. 224: 113-131.
  • Schilling, N. & Long Jr., L.H. (2014): Axial systems and their actuation: new twists on the ancient body of craniates. Zoology 117: 1-6.
  • Abdelhadi, J.; Wefstaedt, P.; Galindo-Zamora, V.; Anders, A.; Nolte, I. & Schilling, N. (2013): Load redistribution in walking and trotting Beagles with induced forelimb lameness. Am. J. Vet. Res. 74: 34-39.
  • Fischer, S.; Anders, A.; Nolte, I. & Schilling, N. (2013): Compensatory load redistribution in walking and trotting dogs with hindlimb lameness. Vet. J. 197: 746-752.
  • Fischer, S.; Nolte, I. & Schilling, N. (2013): Adaptations in muscle activity to induced, short-term hindlimb lameness in trotting dogs. Plos One 8: e80987.
  • Griep, S.; Schilling, N.; Marshall, P.; Amling, G.; Hahne, L.M. & Haas, A. (2013): Pectoral girdle movements and the role of the glenohumeral joint during landing in the toad, Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758). Zoomorphology 132: 325-338.
  • Helmsmüller, D.; Wefstaedt, P.; Nolte, I. & Schilling, N. (2013): Ontogenetic allometry of the Beagle. BMC Vet. Res. 9: e203.
  • Hesse, B.; Fröber, R., Fischer, M.S., Schilling, N. (2013). Functional differentiation of the human lumbar perivertebralmusculature revisited by means of muscle fibre type composition. Ann. Anat. 195: 570-580.
  • Karakasiliotis, K.; Schilling, N.; Cabelguen, J.-M. & Ijspeert, A.J. (2013): Where are we in understanding salamander locomotion ? Biological and robotic perspectives on the kinematics. Biol. Cyb. DOI: 10.1007/s00422-012-0540-4.
  • Moritz, S. & Schilling, N. (2013): Fiber-type composition in the perivertebral musculature of lizards: Implications for the evolution of the diapsid trunk muscles. J. Morph. 274: 294-306.
  • Riede, T.; Schilling, N. & Goller, F. (2013): The acoustic effect of vocal tract adjustments in zebra finches. J. Comp. Physiol. A. 199: 57-69.
  • Ross, C.F.; Blob, R.W.; Carrier, D.R.; Daley, M.A.; Deban, S.M.; Demes, B.; Gripper, J.L.; Iriarte-Diaz, J.; Kilbourne, B.M.; Landberg, T.; Polk, J.D.; Schilling, N. & Vanhooydonck, B. (2013): The evolution of locomotor rhythmicity in tetrapods. Evolution 67: 1209-1267.
  • Stark, H.; Fröber, R. & Schilling, N. (2013): Intramuscular architecture of the autochthonous back muscles in humans. J. Anat. 222: 214-222.
  • Abdelhadi, J.; Wefstaedt, P.; Nolte, I; Schilling, N. (2012): Fore-aft ground force adaptations to induced forelimb lameness in walking and trotting dogs. Plos One 7: e52202.
  • Deban, S.M.; Schilling, N. & Carrier, D.R. (2012): Activity of extrinsic muscles in dogs at walk, trot and gallop. J. Exp. Biol. 215: 287-300.
  • Böl, M.; Stark, H. & Schilling, N. (2011): On a phenomenological model for fatigue effects in skeletal muscles. J. Theor. Biol. 281: 122-132.
  • Carrier, D.R.; Anders, C. & Schilling, N. (2011): The musculoskeletal system of humans is not tuned to maximize the economy of locomotion. PNAS 108: 18631-18636.
  • Myatt, J.P.; Schilling, N. & Thorpe, S.K.S. (2011): Distribution patterns of fibre types in the triceps surae muscle group of chimpanzees and orangutans. J. Anat. 218: 402-412.
  • Schilling, N. (2011): Evolution of the axial system in craniates: Morphology and function of the perivertebral musculature. Front. Zool. 8: 4.
  • Böl, M.; Schilling, N. & Stark, H. (2010): Micromechanical modelling of skeletal muscles: from the single fibre to the whole muscle. Arch. Appl. Mech. 80: 557-567.
  • Cunningham, C.B; Schilling, N.; Anders, C. & Carrier, D.R. (2010): The influence of foot posture on the cost of transport in humans. J. Exp. Biol. 213: 790-797.
  • Hesse, B.; Fischer, M.S. & Schilling, N. (2010): Distribution pattern of muscle fiber types in the perivertebral musculature of two different sized species of mice. Anat. Rec. 293: 446-463.
  • Schilling, N. & Carrier, D.R. (2010): Function of the epaxial muscles in walking, trotting, and galloping dogs: Implications for the evolution of epaxial muscle function in tetrapods. J. Exp. Biol. 213: 1490-1502.
  • Schilling, N. & Deban, S.M. (2010): Fiber-type distribution of the perivertebral musculature in Ambystoma. J. Morph. 271: 200-214.
  • Stark, H. & Schilling, N. (2010): An architectural comparison between relaxed and contracted muscles - A novel method of studying muscle architecture. J. Biomech. 43: 2897-2903.
  • Deban, S.M & Schilling, N. (2009): Activity of trunk muscles during aquatic and terrestrial locomotion in Ambystoma maculatum. J. Exp. Biol. 212: 2949-2959.
  • Schilling, N. (2009): Metabolic profile of the perivertebral muscles in small therian mammals: Implications for the evolution of the mammalian trunk musculature. Zoology 112: 279-304.
  • Schilling, N. & Carrier, D.R. (2009): Function of the epaxial muscles during trotting. J. Exp. Biol. 212: 1053-1063.
  • Schilling, N.; Fischbein, T.; Yang, E.P. & Carrier, D.R. (2009): Function of the extrinsic hindlimb muscles in trotting dogs. J. Exp. Biol. 212: 1036-1052.
  • Wagner, H.; Puta, C.; Anders, C.; Petrovitch, A.; Schilling, N. & Scholle, H.-C. (2009): Chronischer unspezifischer Rückenschmerz - Von der Funktionsmorphologie zur Prävention. Manuelle Medizin 47: 39-51.
  • Moritz, S., Fischer, M.S. & Schilling, N. (2007): Three-dimensional fibre type distribution in the paravertebral muscles of the domestic ferret (Mustela putorius f. furo) with relation to functional demands during locomotion. Zoology 110: 197-211.
  • Schmidt, M. & Schilling, N. (2007): Fibre type distribution in the shoulder muscles of the tree shrew, the cotton-top tamarin, and the squirrel monkey related to shoulder movements and forelimb loading. J. Hum. Evol. 52: 401-419.
  • Schilling, N. & Hackert, R. (2006): Sagittal spine movements of small therian mammals during asymmetrical gaits. J. Exp. Biol. 209: 3925-3939.
  • Schilling, N. & Petrovitch, A. (2006): Postnatal allometry of the skeleton of Tupaia glis (Scandentia: Tupaiidae) and Galea musteloides (Rodentia: Caviiidae) - a test of the three-segment hypothesis. Zoology: 109(2): 148-163.
  • Schilling, N. (2005): Characteristics of paravertebral muscles - fibre type distribution pattern in the pika, Ochotona rufescens (Mammalia: Lagomorpha). J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res. 43(1): 38-48.
  • Schilling, N. (2005): Ontogenetic development of locomotion in small mammals - a kinematic study. J. Exp. Biol. 208: 4013-4034.
  • Schilling, N.; Arnold, D.; Wagner, H. & Fischer, M.S. (2005): Evolutionary aspects and muscular properties of the trunk - Implications for human low back pain. Pathophysiology 12 (4): 233-242.
  • Wagner, H.; Anders, C.; Puta, C.; Petrovitch, A.; Mörl, F.; Schilling, N.; Witte, H. F. & Blickhan, R. (2005): Musculoskeletal support of lumbar spine stability. Pathophysiology 12 (4): 257-265.
  • Fischer, M.S.; Schilling, N.; Schmidt, M.; Witte, H. 2002 Basic limb kinematics of small therian mammals. J. exp. Biol. 205: 1315-1338.
  • Witte, H.; Biltzinger, J.; Hackert, R.; Schilling, N.; Schmidt, M.; Reich, C.; Fischer, M.S. (2002): Torque patterns of the limbs of small therian mammals during locomotion on flat ground. J. Exp. Biol. 205(9): 1339-1353.
  • Scholle, H.-Ch.; Schumann, N.P.; Biedermann, F.; Roeleveld, K.; Stegeman, D.F.; Graßme, R.; Schilling, N. & Fischer, M.S. (2001): Spatio-temporal surface EMG characteristics from rat triceps brachii muscle during treadmill locomotion indicate selective recruitment of functionally distinct muscle regions. Exp. Brain Res. 138, 26-36.
  • Witte, H.; Hackert, R.; Lilje, K.E.; Schwerda, D.; Schilling, N.; Schmidt, M.; Freitag, S.; Seyfarth, A.; Ilg, W.; Blickhan, R.; Fischer, M.S. (2001): Some principles and some constraints of scaling in the locomotor apparatus of quadruped animals and animates. In: B. Kröplin, S. Rudolph & S. Brückner eds.) Similiarity Methods. Institut für Statik und Dynamik der Raumfahrtkonstruktionen der Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, 149 - 151.
  • Witte, H.; Biltzinger, J.; Schilling, N.; Preuschoft, H. & Fischer, M.S. (2000): Was hat der Sportbiomechaniker von den Ergebnissen biomechanischer Analysen an Tieren? Tagungsband 5. Symposium der dvs-Sektion Biomechanik. Edition Czwalina, Feldhaus Verlag, Hamburg.
  • Witte, H.; Hackert, R. ; Ilg, W.; Biltzinger, J.; Schilling, N.; Biedermann, F.; Jergas, M.; Preuschoft, H. & Fischer, M.S. (2000): Quadrupedal Mammals as Paragons for Walking Machines. Proc. AMAM (Adaptive Motion in Animals and Machines). Th-A-I-1.1-1.6.
  • Witte, H.; Ilg, W.; Eckert, M.; Hackert, R.; Schilling, N.; Wittenburg, J.; Dillmann, R. & Fischer, M.S. (2000): Konstruktion vierbeiniger Laufmaschinen. VDI-Konstruktion 9-2000: 46 - 50.
  • Witte, H.; Hackert, R.; Lilje, K.E.; Schilling, N.; Voges, D.; Klauer, G.; Ilg, W.; Albiez, J.; Seyfarth, A.; Germann, D.; Hiller, M.; Dillmann, R. & Fischer, M.S. (2000): Transfer of biological principles into the construction of quadruped walking machines. Proc. RoMoCo’01, IEEE Transactions, 245-250.
  • Schilling, N.; Fischer, M.S.(1999): Kinematic analysis of treadmill locomotion of Tree-Shrew, Tupaia glis (Scandentia: Tupaiidae) Z. Säugetierkunde 64: 129-153
  • Ilg, W.; Berns, K.; Jedele, H.; Albiez, J.; Dillmann, R.; Fischer, M.S.; Witte, H.; Biltzinger, J.; Lehmann, R.; Schilling, N. (1998): BISAM: From small mammals to a four-legged walking machine. pp. 400-407. Proceedings 5th International Conference on simulation of adaptive Behavior. The MIT Press Cambridge, Massachusetts and London, England.


  • Bettina Hesse (2010): Funktionsmorphologische Anpassung an den aufrechten Gang in der perivertebralen Lumbalmuskulatur des Menschen.
  • Sabine Moritz (2010): Morphology and function of the trunk musculature in lizards - implications for the evolution of the trunk in amniotes.

Betreute Qualifikationsarbeiten

  • Neufuß, Johanna (2012): Funktionelle Morphologie des Rumpfes beim Schimpansen (Pan troglodytes).
  • Salzer, Robert (2011): 3D-Fasertypenverteilung in der perivertebralen Muskulatur von Salamandern.
  • Steuernagel, Marina (2009): Identifikation und Verteilung der Fasertypen der perivertebralen Muskulatur des Beagles.
  • Höche, Cathrin (2008): Anatomischer und immunhistochemischer Vergleich der Rückenmuskulatur morphologisch verschiedener Hunderassen.
  • Büscher, Anja (2007): Funktionelle Morphologie der paravertebralen Muskulatur bipeder Kleinsäuger.
  • Moritz, Sabine (2006): Analyse der Rückenbewegungen und der Fasertypenverteilung in der paravertebralen Muskulatur bei Mustela putorius f. furo (Mammalia: Carnivora).